Building classifications under the National Construction Code (NCC) are as follows:
Domestic or residential buildings – single, standalone single houses and horizontally attached houses, such as terrace houses, row houses or townhouses. Includes two sub classifications:
Apartment buildings – typically multi-unit residential buildings where people live above and below each other. May also include single storey attached dwellings with a common space below, such as a carpark.
Residential buildings other than a Class 1 or Class 2 building, for example:
A dwelling or residential building within a building of non-residential nature (a Class 5 to Class 9 building). For example, a caretaker’s residence in a tourist attraction.
Office buildings for professional and/or commercial purposes, such as offices for government agencies, accountants or lawyers.
Buildings where retail goods are sold or services are supplied to the public, such as shops or restaurants. May include:
Buildings including carparks, warehouses or storage buildings. Includes two sub classifications:
Factories – buildings used for production, assembling, altering, packing, cleaning etc. of goods or produce. May also include:
Public buildings – includes three sub classifications:
Non-habitable structures – includes three sub classifications:
Please note: Buildings can have mixed uses or be designed to serve multiple purposes. Refer to the NCC for further information.