Building classifications under the National Construction Code (NCC) are as follows:
Domestic or residential buildings – single, standalone single houses and horizontally attached houses, such as terrace houses, row houses or townhouses. This class includes two sub-classifications:
Domestic apartment buildings – a building containing two or more sole-occupancy units where people live above, beside or below each other. This class may also include single-storey attached dwellings with a common space below, such as a carpark.
Residential buildings other than a Class 1 or Class 2 building providing long-term or transient accommodation for a number of unrelated persons. For example:
A single domestic dwelling within a building of non-residential nature (that is, a Class 5 to Class 9 building). For example, a caretaker’s residence within a hospital.
Office buildings for professional and/or commercial purposes, such as offices for government agencies, accountants or lawyers.
Buildings where retail goods are sold or services are supplied to the public, such as shops or restaurants. This class may include:
Buildings including carparks, warehouses or storage buildings. This class includes two sub-classifications:
Factories – buildings used for production, assembling, altering, packing, cleaning etc. of goods or produce. This class may also include:
Public buildings – includes three sub-classifications:
Non-habitable structures – includes three sub-classifications:
Please note: Buildings can have mixed uses or be designed to serve multiple purposes. Refer to the National Construction Code for further information.